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History & Culture


First millenium BC

The area of today's Croatia was colonized by the Illyrians, Celts and Greeks.

The 7th century

The Croats and other Slavs come to the area of today's Croatia and establish their principalities.  

The 9th century

Croatia is ruled by princes Trpimir (called dux Chroatorum) and Branimir, and during their reign Croatia gains independence.  

The 10th century

During the reign of King Tomislav, Croatia-Slavonia (Posavina) and coastal Croatia are united.  

From the 12th to 16th century

The creation of Austria-Hungary state union.  

1409 – 1797

Venice buys the rights on Dalmatia from Ladislav of Naples for 100.000 ducats and rules over it until 1797.

The 15th century

The time of Turkish conquest.  

From the 16th to 19th century

The Habsburg monarchy rule the major part of Croatia.  

The 18th century

Croatia becomes administratively dependent on Hungary. Dalmatia, Dubrovnik and Boka Kotorska recognise the authority of Napoleon I for a short time; they come under the authority of Austria after 1813. 

The 19th century

The Croatian national revival, the Illyrian movement against Germanization, Hungarization and Italianization of Croatia.  

The year 1848

Croatian ban Josip Jelačić  heads the revolution to defend Croatian interests. After that year, the Austria-Hungary monarchy is formed, and in 1868 there follows the return of autonomy to Croatia.   

The year 1918

The Croatian Sabor proclaims the seceding from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and Croatia enters the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes the same year. Istra, Rijeka and Zadar come under Italian rule.

The year 1939

The Autonomous Banovina of Croatia was created.

World War II

During World War II, Croatia is divided. After the war, Croatia enters into the system of federal units of Yugoslavia.   

1990 – 1995
Croatia becomes independent, and one year later the war starts with JNA army attack on one third of Croatian territory. Croatia restores control over the entire territory of Croatia in 1995.

The year 1990
After democratic elections Croatia leaves Yugoslavia and proclaims its own independence and sovereignty. At the same time a part of Serbian population stirs up a rebellion, dictated form Belgrade, which results in the aggression of the JNA and Yugoslavia against Croatia.

The year 1992
Croatia becomes the full member of the United Nations. 

The year 1995
The Croatian territory is almost completely liberated. 

The year 1998
The sovereignty over the whole country, including Eastern Slavonia, is established by a peaceful reintegration.

After the reconstruction of devastated and destroyed areas, Croatia has economically recovered and awaits the forthcoming admission into the European Union.